Once the children have internalised the text, they are then ready to start innovating on the pattern of the text. This could begin with more advanced activities to warm up the key words and phrases of the type of text focused on so the children can magpie ideas. Younger children and less confident writers alter their text maps and orally rehearse what they want to say, creating their own version. The key activity in this stage is shared writing, helping the children to write their own by “doing one together” first. This could begin with using a boxed-up grid (innovating on the exemplar plan) to show how to plan the text and then turning the plan into writing. This allows the children to see how you can innovate on the exemplar text and select words and phrases that really work. Demonstrating how to regularly read your work aloud to see if it works is important here. This process enables the children to write their own versions through developing their ability to generate good words and phrases and also, hopefully, develops the inner judge when they start to decide why one word or phrase is best. If, during this process a teaching assistant (or in KS2 an able child) flip-charts up words and phrases suggested, these can be put on the washing line alongside the shared writing so when the children come to write they have models and words and phrases to support them. Throughout the shared writing, the children should be strengthening the toolkit so they start to understand the type of ingredients that may help. Once they have finished their own paragraph/s children should be encouraged to swap their work with a response partner. Then with the aid of a visualiser, the whole class can also discuss some of the more successful work. Time now needs to be found to enable the children to give their own work a polish in the light of these discussions and perhaps to begin the dialogue about what works by writing their own comment on their work for the teacher to comment on.
The teacher now has the opportunity to assess the children’s work and to adapt their planning in the light of what the children can actually do. This stage could begin with some activities focused on helping the children understand aspects that they were having difficulty with and should include time for the children to have a go at altering their work in the light of what they have just learnt so that they start to make progress. This stage will continue to focus on the next steps needed to support progress so the children can become independent speakers and writers of this type of text. Perhaps some more examples of the text are compared followed by more shared writing on a related topic and then the children can have a go themselves on a related topic of their own choosing. Typically, teachers work with the children to set ‘tickable targets’ which focus on aspects that they need to attend to. Again this section will end with response partner and whole class discussion about what features really worked, followed by an opportunity to polish your work. This process also helps the children internalise the toolkit for such writing so that it becomes a practical flexible toolkit in the head rather than a list to be looked at and blindly followed. At the end of the unit, the children’s work should be published or displayed. The teacher will now have a good picture of what features to focus on in the next unit to move the children forward. It is important to provide children with a purpose for their writing so classroom display or some sort of publishing is useful.
The English language is the main instrument of learning throughout the School curriculum. At Holy Innocents', we place high emphasis on literary skills. Our main aim is for children to express themselves effectively. Children need the ability to speak clearly and appropriately. They need to develop the skills of listening as well as speaking. The children then develop their understanding of the written word. Spoken language is very different from the written word.
Children are read to at every stage of school life, so that they can experience the wide range of rich vocabulary, that stories and poetry present. We wish children to have a love of reading, and a fundamental enjoyment from exploring books. Children are taught to read using a variety of strategies that suit their differing experiences and abilities. Reading Scheme books are colour coded in levels of difficulty. Parents are encouraged to help at every stage of their child’s development.
Writing is given a high profile from the earliest days in the school. Early attempts are valued and the children encouraged to develop an easy flowing handwriting style and the school has developed a continuous, cursive style which has improved children’s handwriting considerably. We believe that writing should be committed, enthusiastic and interesting, and it is our aim to foster these qualities in our children’s work throughout their school career.
The main aims for the pupils are as follows: